Mistaking Minds and Machines: How Speech Affects Dehumanization and Anthropomorphism

Schroeder, J., & Epley, N. (2016). Mistaking minds and machines: How speech affects dehumanization and anthropomorphism. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 1427-1437.

  • Short Summary: Hearing a human speech (compared with reading the same words in text or watching a human communicator with subtitles) makes evaluators more likely to believe a script was created by a human (vs. computer) regardless of whether it actually was created by a human (4 experiments).

  • Data, Analyses, Materials, Pre-registrations

  • See related media →

Read More

Don’t Stop Believing: Rituals Improve Performance by Decreasing Anxiety

Brooks, A.W., Schroeder. J., Risen, J.L., Gino, F., Galinsky, A., Norton, M.I., & Schweitzer, M.E. (2016). Don’t stop believing: Rituals improve performance by decreasing anxiety. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 137, 71-85.

  • Short Summary: Individuals in high-anxiety performance situations who complete pre-performance rituals (versus random gestures, trying to calm down, or sitting in silence) feel less anxiety and may perform better (5 experiments).

  • Data, Materials

  • See related media →

Read More

Many Hands Make Overlooked Work: Overclaiming of Responsibility Increases With Group Size

Schroeder, J., Caruso, E., & Epley, N. (2016). Many hands make overlooked work: Overclaiming of responsibility increases with group size. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 22, 238-246.

  • Short Summary: Overclaiming (when group members’ contribution claims sum to more than 100 percent) increases as the group size increases because people fail to sufficiently consider their group members’ contributions (4 studies).

  • Supplementals, Data, Materials

  • See related media →

Read More

Befriending the Enemy: Outgroup Friendship Longitudinally Predicts Intergroup Attitudes in a Co-Existence Program for Israelis and Palestinians

Schroeder, J., & Risen, J.L. (2016). Befriending the enemy: Outgroup friendship longitudinally predicts intergroup attitudes in a co-existence program for Israelis and Palestinians. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 19, 72-93.

  • Short Summary: Outgroup relationships longitudinally and bidirectionally predict intergroup attitude change in a co-existence camp among Israeli and Palestinian teenagers (3 years of data collection).

  • Data, Materials

  • See related media →

Read More